Sigmund Freud (#4) – Sample 511 words

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Freud viewed the unconscious as a collection of images, thoughts and experiences the individual refused to process, which lead to neuroses. Freud believed that the principal driving force behind men and women’s activities was repressed or expressed sexuality. Unfulfilled sexuality led to pathological conditions. The unconscious to Freud was the storage facility for all repressed sexual desires, thus resulting in pathological or mental illness. Only through laying bare the unconscious could a person discover how to live happily and recover from mental illness.

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Freud tends toward a very masterful way of storming the unconscious to denude it of repressed feelings; Jung Jung viewed the unconscious just like Freud but added to it by stating that each individual also possessed a collective unconscious, a group of shared images and archetypes common to all humans. These often bubbled up to the surface of the personal unconscious. Dreams could be better interpreted by understanding the symbolic reference points of universally shared symbols.

Humans are driven by their need to achieve individuation, wholeness or full knowledge of the self.

Many emotions drive humans to act in psychologically unhealthy ways, but all these ways were a longing for the desire to feel complete. Jung, conversely, felt that the unconscious often strove on its own for wholeness, and that mental illness was not pathology, but an unconscious regulation of emotions and stored experience tending toward individuation. Both men drew on the concept of the unconscious as a way of explaining dreams, but Jung drew more on a multi-layered concept of the subconscious.

The primary differences between Freud and Jung are interesting to observe. The idea of an unconscious is generally almost universally accepted, yet neither Freud nor Jung felt that after an explanation, continued therapeutic work was necessary. Anna O comparison Anna O. was treated by Breuer for severe cough, paralysis of the extremities on the right side of her body, and disturbances of vision, hearing, and speech, as well as hallucination and loss of consciousness. She was diagnosed with hysteria.

Freud implies that her illness was a result of the resentment felt over her father’s real and physical illness that later led to his death. Freud saw transference, as a distorted perception of an individual based on one’s past significant relationships. Patients might have love, hate, and erotic feelings for the therapist as a repetition of unresolved unconscious conflicts. Freud believed that transference was necessary for the treatment process, and working through the transference was an important source of personal growth.

Freud viewed counter transference as the therapist’s inappropriate reaction to the patient. It was based in the therapist’s own resistance to the treatment and the enactment of personal needs. Freud suspected that hysteria was psychological in origin, and this case of Anna O. seemed to prove it. Freud warned Jug about this patient and advised him not to get involved because she had earlier told her first therapist Breuer that she was pregnant with Breuer’s baby. Reference: http://www. simplypsychology. org/psychodynamic. html http://www. mmpi-info. com/psychology-publications/countertransference. html.